The rich culture of the people of Kazakhstan saved the customs and traditions that from time immemorial were passed from father to son throughout the history of the Kazakh people.
Most of the traditions trace their roots back to Tengriism, closely intertwined with Muslim traditions. All the customs and traditions of the Kazakh people go gradually with all stages of human life. Birth, child education, wedding, hospitality, commemoration, and so on.
In Kazakhstan, people treat the birth of a child with special respect and attention. In a family, firstborns were always the children of the mother-in-law and father-in-law.Every night, within 40 days, near a cradle, the lamp is put. According to a belief, the light from a shyra drives away evil spirits.
The custom "Besik salu" is laid down on the shoulders of the godmother of the child. When she lays the kid in a cradle, she covers the child with things. At the bottom, put a lash and a knife (if it is the boy). In addition, if it is the girl, a comb and a pocket mirror.
Old aksakals chose the name of the child at dawn with a morning prayer.
Many customs are closely connected with hospitality. It is always the duty of the hosts to meet and feed the guests. Kazakh cuisine is very famous for a variety of meat dishes, and there are a large number of traditions surrounding the cutting of meat.
Guests in Kazakhstan were always divided into several types. Namely, the unexpected guest, the casual guest, and the specially invited To the dearest visitors of the house, the owners presented valuable presents: hand-made carpets, weapons, clothes.
After the parents found the bride and the groom, the bride received the kalym. In addition, if two newlyweds had a strong love, but the groom did not have enough funds, then he could steal the beloved.
Wedding attire has evolved significantly over time, but elements of Kazakh ornament can still be seen on modern gowns.
It is difficult to list all the traditions and customs of the Kazakh people in one article. They are rich and varied according to the contents. Some of them went through significant changes, but they have survived to this day.