Sights of Tajikistan
The Republic of Tajikistan is a country of the Great Silk Road, the mountain beauties of the Pamirs, thermal springs, cities with more than 2000 years of history, the highest platinum in the world, delicious cuisine, and, most importantly, hospitable people in colorful wadded robes and skullcaps so familiar to many.
We are talking here, first of all, about the times of the Samanids (874-1005 AD) and especially the reign of Emir Ismoili Samani. The period of his reign is called the Golden Age of Tajik civilization, the flourishing of science and culture.
The Emir invited to his palace and was always glad to see the best scientists, philosophers, poets, painters, astronomers and alchemists from different parts of the world at his court. It is in honor of Ismoili Samani that the highest mountain peak in the world, the former Peak of Communism (7495 meters), is now named.
The world-famous Buddhist monastery called "Ajina-Tepa" is on the territory of Tajikistan, namely in the Vakhsh valley. It was built near the city of Kurgan-Tube, about 8–9 centuries ago. Boris Litvinsky became the first discoverer of a museum. This happened in 1960.
Above the ancient archaeological historical monument, archaeologists have worked a lot of time. They tried to conduct excavation very cautiously without damaging the ancient monument.
Due to the excavations of Buddhist monasteries in Ajina-Tepa, scientists changed the view of the ancient country of Bactria. These excavations have helped to look at the city through different eyes in Asia.
By the way, "Adzhina Tepe," if translated into the Russian language, means "Hill of Evil Forces."
The excavations have helped establish that several households that had a rectangular shape built the mausoleum. Along the perimeter of the courtyard, there is a kelya, the sanctuary, and other facilities. In addition, one of the main premises of the mausoleum was erected in the main courtyard—the stupa.
To this day, people can preserve wall paintings with clay statues. In addition, it was discovered that the Buddha statue called "Buddha in Nirvana", which is located on the deathbed, the height of the statue is 12 meters. At that moment, it is situated in the National Museum of Antiquities in Dushanbe.
Our tourist agency, «Orient Mice», is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will demonstrate the ancient archaeological historical monument-a Buddhist monastery called "Ajina-Tepa."
The Mausoleum of Khoja Mashad is situated in the village of Sayed, which is located not far from Kurgan-Tube. This mausoleum was made of wood, and was able to be perfectly preserved to our present day.
Khoja Mashad is a well-known person in the Islamic world who lived between the ages of 9 and 10. This man was very rich, and he preached Islam. Many believe that the madrasa was built by his means due to the way he was buried in it.
The architectural monument consists of several buildings, which are combined with one another by an archway. At first blush, it seems that these two mausoleums are twins. Nonetheless, they were designed and they built at various times. One building dates back 110 centuries, and the second 11–12 centuries.
Two mausoleums were built of burnt bricks. There is the scenery laid in the form of a "Christmas tree", as well as a diversity of geometric and floral ornaments.
From the backside of the architectural complex, a massive rectangular courtyard is situated on the perimeter of Kelya Khujdras.
There are half-destroyed gravestones that are preserved in the domed halls of the mausoleums.
There is an opinion that, besides the two buildings, there was also a minaret with the mosque. Since archaeologists have not been able to find the reliquaries of these buildings, it remains a hypothesis.
The architectural complex of Khoja Mashad is a place of pilgrimage for the locals as well as the majority of visitors.
Our travel organization "Orient Mice" is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will give you a memorable tour of the historical architectural monument mausoleum of Khoja Mashad.
Hissar Fortress is a sort of palace in the Bek Bukhara Emirate, which was built on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan. Hissar fortress in good condition could persist to the present day, despite its age of existence. It has a history of over 2,500 years.
In the courtyard were built a swimming pool and a large orchard. Opposite the palace, there was a market where trade was quite active, and every day a caravan of sheds and merchants arrived with new products.
The terraces and all the stairs, as well as the monumental gate with several towers in the form of cylinders, were built of burnt bricks. Because of their association with this place, the local population is very closely linked to many beautiful legends and mysteries.
For instance, it is believed that the Hissar fortress was erected by Afrasiab, who wanted to protect themselves against Rustam (local heroes of the legends in the famous product of Ferdowsi "Shahnameh").
By the way, not far from Hissar Fortress grow several sycamores, which are over 700 years old.
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Badakhshan is a country composed of Tibetan and Bolivian highlands. Afghanistan borders the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region on the south and west, China on the east, and Kyrgyzstan on the north.
The territory of the Gorno-Badakhshan includes a variety of landscapes: alpine deserts and alpine meadows; rocky ridges and narrow gorges; alpine lakes and small villages. The highest settlement is located at an altitude of over 4,000 meters above sea level.
The greatest part of this region occupies the High Pamir, and the highest point is the peak of Ismail Samani.
The earliest inhabitants of Badakhshan were primitive people already in the Stone Age. In the Bronze Age, Proto-Indian tribes began to settle with the ancient Iranians.
In the 7th and 2nd centuries BC, Saks inhabited these places, and then this region became part of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
In the 3–2 centuries BC, the population was located depending on the Greco-Bactrian kingdom: 1–3 centuries BC, from the Kushan Empire; 4–6 centuries BC, from the Ephtalites. Therefore, the Turks and the Chinese Tang Empire took power into their own hands over the locals.
Since ancient times, settled tribes of farmers, which to this day are called «Pamirs», have inhabited this place. In the same place, the Great Silk Road was laid, and a large number of historical landmarks have survived.
In Badakhshan, you will always have the opportunity to enjoy not only the magnificent mountain landscape but also the territories of ancient monuments and the excavations of ancient settlements.
Annually, on the territory of Gorny Badakhshan, it hosts international climbing expeditions for specific sports. Downhill skiing, climbing, rafting, photography, climbing, caving, and many others.
Mineral springs, hunting grounds, and caves, as well as mountain trails and lakes, draw visitors seeking fresh air.
Hillfort Kofir Kala is located near the town of Khorog, which is situated on the territory of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region.
The ancient city of Kofir Cala is considered an architectural and historical monument of the middle Ages. Archaeologists and scientists believe that the ancient settlement arose around 4–7 centuries BC.
The building materials for the construction of buildings were rectangular raw and pasha. The city had a square area, with each main wall reaching a length of about 360 meters. In the northeastern part of the ancient city was the citadel, which was surrounded by a strong high wall.
Here it was discovered that several pagan temples were located in the botanical gardens.
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In 1976, in the center of the tract, archaeologists on the territory of Tajikistan discovered Takhti Kubad, the ancient settlement. It is called Takhti Sangin (Temple of the Oxus).
This temple dates back to 3–5 centuries BC, and it is located between two rivers, the Panj and Vakhsh, and was erected in honor of the river deity.
In 1877, on one of the banks of the Amu Darya River, during archaeological excavations, thousands of silver and gold coins were found. This treasure was called "the treasure of the Oxus." Currently, it is in the British Museum in England.
There were discovered historical manuscripts, utensils, chests of ivory, various ornaments, tools, and weapons of the soldiers of those times. In addition, archaeologists have discovered a well-preserved image of Alexander the Great.
Guests of the Republic of Tajikistan may be familiar with all the treasures of the sanctuary of Oxus in the National Museum of Antiquities, and the remains of the ancient city itself, Ottoman Sangin, seen living in the tract Takhti Kubad.
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The Historical Museum of Archaeology and Fortification was established in late autumn 1986. On these days of celebrating the 2500 commemoration of the city of Khujand.
A historical museum of archeology and fortification has been opened in the fortress, which dates back to the 8th–10th centuries. Khujand fortress was restored and it was served as a major aspect of the fortress arrangement of the city.
The museum's exhibition is very rich. The collection includes various exhibits of archaeological finds that tell visitors about the city's history and the architectural features of the fortification buildings. There are more than 1,300 items in the Regional History Museum of Archaeology and Fortification, and all of them are exposed to local residents and visitors alike in a rotating schedule.
The oldest exhibits are considered to be items that date back to 4–5 centuries BC.
A small part of the museum's collection tells us about the Khujand fortress, which once served as support and protection from invaders.
Here you will find tableware made of clay, glass, and ceramics, materials and costumes, household utensils and tools, fragments of gravestones and monuments, and arts and crafts. As well, various documents, maps, and manuscripts that tell visitors about the museum, the history, and elaboration of the ancient city in the Republic of Tajikistan.
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In 1963, the Historical Museum became a branch of the local history museum, which is situated in the city of Khujand. In 1980, the Historical Museum became an independent museum and the city an independent city.
The museum is located in the old building of the Orthodox Church.
The first collector of the museum was a history teacher named Nazarov Nasriddin. Now, the collection at the History Museum Istaravshan has more than 4,300 different items that tell visitors about the history, culture, life, and elaboration of the ancient city. Namely, cookware and glass ceramics, historical records and old photographs, tools and household items, jewelry and clothing, and items of decorative art and matter.
Through exploring the museum, you will have a chance to explore not only the culture and mode of life of that era, but also the masterpieces of the great masters of Arts and crafts, artists and sculptors from ancient times to nowadays.
In the museum, there are permanent guided tours for pupils and school students, as well as the meetings that take place there, and congratulations to veterans of labor and the Great Patriotic War.
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The Mausoleum of Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadoni is situated in the heart of the park in the city of Kulob. He was a Tajik poet, thinker, and philosopher who lived and worked in the 15th century. In the mausoleum, besides the poet, his son and relatives were buried, and he himself was the builder of the mosque and the mausoleum.
The building of the mausoleum of Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadoni refers in its style to medieval buildings. When the mausoleum was just erected, it consisted of a domed hall and three portals, which have been decorated with fine carving. Later, near the mausoleum, were an attached tomb and a mosque.
In 1970, the mausoleum of Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadoni underwent restoration work and gained its original appearance. Not far from the museum, a tombstone was renovated on which there are inscriptions in Persian and Arabic. The tombstone is decorated with geometric patterns.
Today, the mausoleum is the most visited place on the pilgrimage of the local population.
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The Mausoleum of Mohammad Bashoro and the architectural complex of Hazrat Bobo
In a small mountain village called "Mazari Sharif," an architectural and historical monument was built, namely the Muhammad Bashoro mausoleum. The mausoleum was built in honor of one expert on hadith.
The original building consisted of a portal, which dates from the 14th century; it was decorated with carved terracotta and it carried out patterns of several colors: pink and turquoise. The glazed bricks used to frame the portal date from 743.
There was also a hall in the central part of the construction, and several vaulted rooms.
In the center of the dome in the hall stood a mihrab, made of clay and decorated with ornamental inscriptions in calligraphic style.
The architectural complex of Hazrat Bobo is situated in the village of Chorku, not far from the ancient city of Penjikent. Locals call it "the mausoleum of Chorku", in honor of the village where it is located.
The complex consists of several buildings that were built at various times. However, they were connected to each other.
There is a legend that is interlaced with the construction of the architectural complex. It is an opinion that it was built in one night, for the burial of a saint named Hazrat Bobo. Hazrat Bobo, the local hero, the king and the great commander of his time.
The original building was erected in the 10th–12th centuries. It was a building made of wood, which was decorated with carvings and understated ornamentation. In the courtyard, Aivan was present.
Another separate room, where there were four columns, dates back to the 18th and 19th centuries. The room was beautifully decorated and painted with floral patterns. It is believed that there were sacrificial rites.
By the way, the complex includes a three-storey minaret tower and the cemetery was located here, which to this day has not been preserved.
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The Rudaki mausoleum is located in the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe.
Rudaki was not only a poet, but also considered the founder of Tajik poetry. He lived in the 9th–10th centuries, when the Samanids ruled the people.
His famous ghazals have been translated into many languages, and he has contributed to classic literature through his translations of the majority of works from Arabic into the Dari language.
The biography of the poet is still shrouded in mystery and darkness. His life is not much known. For instance, he was invited to Bukhara by Nasr II bin Ahmad Samanid. Therefore, most of his life was spent there.
In addition, it is not known where Rudaki was buried. It is known that he died blind and in poverty despite his talent and fame. In 941, it was established that the approximate burial place (village of Pandzhrud) was
In 1958, on the site of the burial of the musician, singer, and poet, was built the mausoleum in the village, where, according to the assumption of scientists and archaeologists, Rudaki died. In addition, a sculpture was placed in Bishkek that adorns the square not far from the Tajik Agrarian University.
Our tourist agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with transportation and professional guides who will lead you on a memorable historical and cultural tour of the capital of the Republic of Tajikistan. In the list of these tours, you can find the sculpture with the mausoleum dedicated to Rudaki.
The Mausoleum of Hazrat Schoch
The Mausoleum of Hazrat Schoch was built in Istaravshan in the 10th–11th century. It is considered a very ancient architectural historical monument in the Republic of Tajikistan and is included in the historical tour of Tajikistan.
Hazrat Schoch was a brother of Kusama ibn Abbas, who was a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad.
The mausoleum was built with three main buildings. This mosque is Hazrat Schoch, and the mausoleum is Khudoyorov Valami and Hazrat Schoch.
The complex was built in the shape of a semicircle, resembling a crescent. Once upon a time, it included the madrasa with the cemetery, but to this day, they have not been preserved.
The Mausoleum of Hazrat Schoch is a building with two domes made of burnt bricks, which includes the tomb and chapel.
There are several beautiful legends associated with the mausoleum. One of them is intertwined with a spring that flows next to the complex. According to legend, it is believed that the water in the glacier is therapeutic. Since it is at this place, the Caliph Ali struck the ground with his stick.
It is believed that on this site, first came the spring. Then, they buried a holy man named Hazrat Schoch, and only after that, was it decided to build a mausoleum over his grave.
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Gurminj Zavkibekov Memorial Museum of Musical Instruments
The Museum of Musical Instruments named for Gurminj Zavkibekov was founded in 1990 in honor of the Tajik People's Artist.
Musical instruments have always been some sort of communication poetry, expressing the feelings of the soul singer. Embodying his or her life with good and evil, joy and sadness, courage and experience,
The museum has more than 200 tons of exhibits, which were brought from all over Asia. The main items of the collection were percussion, strings, wind instruments, bows, setar, rubab, dutars, banjo, and tanbur.
There are more than 100 years of Kashgar Setar, which was made of ivory and is in the museum. In addition, the current Shah Setar, who is more than one century old, Despite their volume, they are very light and melodic instruments.
The Dutar collection is very diverse. The exhibition dutars includes tools that have been imported from Badakhshan, Bukhara, and they were collected throughout the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan.
A rubob synthesizes guitar and tar. It has been more than 300 years. In addition, Badakhshan Rubaba is more than 100 years old.
Exposition of stringed instruments: violin and complement gidzhak, which were brought from Iran, Afghanistan, Badakhshan and Vietnam.
The Gurminj Zavkibekov Museum of Musical Instruments is brimming with various objects that reflect the nature of everyday life.It contains clothes and utensils by Gurminj Zavkibekov, a singer, as well as everyday objects that he enjoyed. Namely, stoneware, crockery, clothing, furniture, and so forth.
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The National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan
The National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan was founded in 2001 and is considered a museum with national status. The exhibition, which has been collected in the museum, is very valuable and important for the Republic of Tajikistan.
The museum's collections included the exhibits that were collected by archaeologists, researchers, and scholars, not only those who lived in the country but also their colleagues from many Russian cities.
The collection of the museum is located in a two-level building. In addition, in the very collection, which includes archaeological remains from the Hellenistic era of the famous Temple of the Oxus, and products of the ancient cities of Panjakent, Khujand, Istaravshan, Hulbuk, Kulyab, and Takhti-Sangin. Also, a large number of important and ancient artifacts from different eras.
One of the most popular items in the National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan is the statue of "Buddha in Nirvana", which rests on his deathbed. The height of the Buddha statue is 12 meters.
The National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan is one of the most known museums in the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe. In addition, our tourist agency, "Orient Mice," is glad to give you convenient vehicles and expert guides who will tell you both about the museum of antiquities and its collection on historical tours.
The National Museum of the Republic of Tajikistan is named after K. Behzod
The National Museum of the Republic of Tajikistan named after K. Behzod was opened in the capital of the Republic of Tajikistan in 1934. It was prompted by the fact that a special exhibition was opened, which tells visitors about the achievements of the national economy.
Kamoliddin Bekhzod, a famous painter of the Middle Ages, who worked in the genre of miniature painting (15th–16th century). His canvases were able to absorb the aspirations and dreams of the Tajik folk and implement high humanistic ideas.
Some of the exhibits at the National Museum of the Republic of Tajikistan Kamoliddin Behzod has been specially brought from all of the Russian Federation's art museums.
The National Museum named after K. Behzod has been around for more than 50 years and is subordinate to the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Tajikistan. The Museum received official national status in 1999.
In the museum of Kamoliddin Behzod, there are more than 5,000 pieces of art, which affect not only the history but also the cultural life of the Tajik people.
Among the exhibits of the museum's collection, visitors can observe objects of decorative art, miniatures, sculptures, archaeological and historical monuments, numismatic artifacts, and even pieces of architectural buildings.
The collection also includes coins that date back to pre-Islamic and Islamic periods. These are Greco-Bactrian, Sassanian, Kushan, Buharhudatski, Samanid, Arab, Khorezm, Timurid, and Mangytskie.
There is a cultural monument and a wooden carved Iskadarinskogo Mehrab, dating back to the 11th and 12th centuries.
The first floor of the museum is used for all kinds of exhibitions.
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Nurek is a small town on the territory of Tajikistan, which appeared in 1960 due to the construction of the Nurek reservoir.
Initially, a small village gradually grew and developed.
The dam, which was built here, is included in the Guinness Book because it is the highest dam in the world. She entered the top 30 most powerful hydros worldwide.
Nurek HPP is forbidden to photograph, as is the entry for tourists and locals. However, you have the opportunity to ride on a boat on the reservoir and be impressed by its beauty.
It is surrounded by a very picturesque mountain landscape. Filling of the reservoir took place in 1972. As a result, there was initially a significant issue with the retention of large amounts of water.
The length of the reservoir is 70 km, its width is 1 km, and its total area is 98 square kilometers. The average depth of the Nurek reservoir is 107 m.
The Nurek reservoir is used for irrigation of approximately 1,000,000 hectares of Kyzyl-Steppe Kuma, the Dangara Plateau, and many other areas.
There you will find sandy beaches, but there is also a beautiful landscape of steep cliffs that descend into the water and wild gorges where no man has gone before.
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Lake Bulunkul is located on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan, in the valley of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region. It is near the famous Big Pamir Highway.
Lake Bulunkul is considered a little smaller regarding its width than the nearby lake called "Yashinkul".
The lake is situated in a very picturesque place. Passing by, travelers can see many rare plants that grow around the lake, as well as capture on camera the gulls, geese, and ducks flying. In early fall, thousands of different migratory birds pass through this lake.
Marinka and osmanka live in the lake, but since fishing has been allowed there, the number of fish has been decreasing.
In the summertime, the temperature in the lake is quite warm; you can even afford to dip after the heat of the day and a long journey, but in the winter, the temperature reaches - 63 degrees Celsius.
Bulunkul Lake attracts tourists for not only its rare plants and species of migratory birds but also its beautiful scenery, it’s cool, crystal-clear water, and interesting trails for hiking. In addition, for those who decide to stay there for a few days and enjoy the spectacular sunsets, there is a unique chance to stay in a local guesthouse.
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Karakul Lake is a large-scale, drainless lake that is located in the Pamir Mountains, in the southern part of the Trans-Alay Range.
The locals call the lake "Black", as its water sometimes becomes a very dark shade.
The lake is situated at an altitude of 3914 meters above sea level and is probably one of the largest, with respect to its size, glacial-tectonic lakes, whose area is 380 square kilometers and a depth of over 240 meters.
The lake's water has a bitter-salty taste and is cold all year round. In the winter, the lake freezes and is covered with a thick layer of ice. Mountains and green hills surround Karakul Lake Beach.
Several major rivers and two smaller ones fall into the Karakul Lake. Namely, Karaart, Kara Djilga, and Muzkol, but not one of them flows out of the lake. Therefore, it is considered drainless.
In the lake inhabited by the fish-loach and around its perimeter, nests of Tibetan terns and brown-headed gulls can be found.
Incidentally, in the Lake Karakul neighborhood, archaeologists found a parking stone titled "Oshhona" (8th century BC.).
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The Pamir and Fan Mountains.
The Pamir is a mountain range that is on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan in the northeastern part. The Pamir consists of glaciers and mountains with snow-capped peaks, icy rivers and green valleys.
It translated from the Persian word "Pamir," which means "Roof of the World." When you are at the top of the mountain ranges, you really feel that you are standing on the "roof of the world," as these mountains touch the clouds and tower above them.
The height of the mountain peaks reaches over 7,000 meters above sea level. From such a height and landscape, any traveler will capture the spirit and the impression will remain long in the memory.
In the highland valleys inhabited by locals, they are called the Pamirs. Their life is not rich, they profess Ismailism, and their dialect is different from Tajik as it has a multitude of languages.
Despite the fact that this country is short on travelers, they are always willing to share the last pieces of flat cake, drink them with water, and sleep under the same roof on the best mattress.
The main town in the area is Pamir Khorog. It is situated at an altitude of 2,000 meters above sea level.
The Pamir Highway road is on a high mountain path, 728 kilometers long. The road is full of streamers, sharp cliffs, and deep chasms.
Here they soar high above the clouds, two popular peaks. It has Evgeniya Korzhenevskaya peak (7105 m) and the peak of Ismail Samani (7495 m). Here, climbers like to come from around the world. Since there is a range of routes of any complexity, a novice in these parts, however, can do nothing without special training.
At an altitude of 4,200 meters, the base camp was built above the sea level, which attracted scholars, travelers, and archaeologists for their scientific expeditions.
The Pamir is a landmark in the Republic of Tajikistan as well. It has its own attractions and architectural and historical monuments that are located on its territory. Namely, deep caves, ancient rock paintings, and primitive people.
On the slopes of the mountains, to this day, they have been able to preserve the remnants of two ancient citadels: Yachmun and Kaakha.
Here, archaeologists have discovered nameless ruins of ancient settlements, as well as numerous open natural monuments with rare species of flora and fauna.
In the Fann Mountains, there are icy mountain rivers, snow-capped peaks, and beautiful landscapes with sunsets and sunrises.
Fanns is the highest part of the Zeravshan Range. Some adjustment points reach 5,000 meters above sea level. In addition, there are peaks that rise even higher. For instance, there are the energy peaks (5105 m), Chapdara (5050 m), and Bodkhona (5138 m).
There are over 28 mountain lakes here. The large Iskanderkul lake, the picturesque Kulikalon Lake, the Alaudin and Muddy lakes, the Pialat, Alo, Marguzor lake and many others.
Every year, the Fann Mountains attract more and more attention from tourists, climbers, and fans of mountain trails and fresh air.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice," is glad to provide you with convenient vehicles and expert guides who will tell you and show you all the beauty of the Pamir and Fan Mountains. They conduct breathtaking natural excursions around the most picturesque corners, where you will be able to look at the sites of the primitive people and plunge into the mysteries of ancient petroglyphs.
Monument to Ismoil Somoni
The Ismoil Somoni Monument was erected in the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe. It is located in the northern part of the city, in Dusti Square.
The monument was erected in honor of the 1,100 years of the Samanid state. In 1999, it was erected in honor of the Emir, Ismail Somoni, who was the ruler of the Samanid dynasty.
The monument of Ismoil Somoni is made entirely of non-ferrous metal, and its height is 13 meters.
The Crown and the State coat of arms of the Emir are covered with gold leaf, and a bas-relief, which is located at the foot of the monument, is made of bronze. The bas-relief reflects the entire history of the reign of the great Emir Ismail Somoni.
On both sides of the monument are a pair of bronze lions.
A famous sculptor named Mansour Hodzhiboev worked on this project.
Our tourist agency, "Orient Mice," is glad to give you transportation and expert guides who will show you the monument of the famous emir, Ismail Somoni. This tour will be included in the list of the historic tours of the capital of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Abu Abdullah Rudaki Republican Local History Museum
The National historical museum named after Abu Abdullah Rudaki is situated in the ancient city of Tajikistan, Panjakent.
The museum was founded in 1958. Its opening was held in honor of the birthday of the founder of Tajik-Persian classical literature.
The building for the museum was constructed on a special project by the architect, who was called A. Makuha. The facade is decorated by a famous and talented artist named Y. Gremyachinskoy.
In 2008, the name of the Abu Abdullah Rudaki museum was renovated.
The museum has eight exhibition halls. In the exhibition halls, visitors have the opportunity to observe the exhibits that reflect not only the culture, history, and way of life of the country but also the traditions and customs of the people, in addition to the architecture of Tajikistan. A separate room tells visitors about the life and labour of the writer.
A collection of objects in one of the rooms reflects the cultural life, history and development of the ancient Sarazm. Some of these findings date back more than 5,500 years.
Exhibits in another hall will tell the history of the ancient settlement of Penjikent (5-7 century).
The third and fourth halls are devoted to the era of the Samanids. The exhibition on display includes pottery, coins of gold, bronze, and silver, and over 150 historical documents. In addition, there are exhibited manuscripts of the Koran, Sofa Shamsi Tabrezi, A. Bedilya, and the History of Tabari.
There is the Ethnography Hall, the room dedicated to the Independence of the Republic of Turkmenistan, and the hall of flora and fauna of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Our tourist agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with convenient transportation and expert guides who will arrange for you a memorable tour of the Republican Local History Museum. Abu Abdullah Rudaki.
Sarez Lake is located on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan in the Pamir Mountains. It was formed in 1911, after a 7.8-magnitude earthquake in the province had happened.
Sarez Lake has a width of 60 kilometers and a length of over 50 kilometers. The total depth equals 500 m.
By the way, in order to visit the lake, you will need to obtain special permission because Sarez Lake is under state protection.
The water in the Sarez Lake has a dark blue hue, and the banks are considered steep and very difficult to pass.
In the northern part of the Sarez Lake, which is surrounded by the mountain range Muzkol, the maximum height of which reaches 5,900 meters. On the west and south sides, there are spurs of the North Alichur and Rushan ridges.
It is considered that the dam, which appeared due to the earthquake (1911), may be destroyed. The Usoy Abatis during some earthquakes could collapse, and in this case, several countries will be flooded.
Our tourist agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with convenient vehicles and expert guides who will tell you about and show you Sarez Lake, which is included in the natural tour of the Pamirs.
The Fann Mountains have amazing landscapes with high mountains and crystal-clear lakes, from which any person can capture the spirit!
There settled Chimtarga's snowy peaks with the clear waters of Lake Alaudin. Once upon a time, a great military leader and conqueror, Alexander the Great, passed through this place.
The Republic of Tajikistan is a country that is very rich in water. On the whole territory, there are more than 2,000 lakes, most of which are located in the central part of Tajikistan, the Pamir and the Fan Mountains.
The water surface occupies about 1005 square km, which in turn is about 1% of the territory of Tajikistan.
According to its origin, the basin of lakes can be divided into dammed, glacial, tectonic, and flood.
Nevertheless, despite the origin of the basins, Tajikistan remains one of the most attractive and popular places for tourists who decide to go on excursions in the natural area.
There are seven lakes in the famous Fan Mountains that are interconnected.
This is Mizhgon Lake (1640m), which is dark blue, or one might even say "ink" of water. The turquoise waters of Soy Lake (1740m) and Lake Nafin (1820m) set them apart from the other lakes.The Marguzor Lake (2140m) is one of the largest lakes in this region, and the Hurdak Lake (1870m) is the smallest. In addition, there are two other lakes, namely Gushor (1770m) and Hazorchashma (2332m).
Our tourist agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with convenient vehicles and expert guides who will tell you about the lakes during natural excursions.
"Brick Hill", or as it is commonly called, "Hisht-Tepa," is located in the Kurgan-Tube area.
Thanks to archaeological excavations, it was found that this place occupied about 70 hectares of land, and the building that is located here was laid out of burnt bricks and metal and ceramic slags. The palace of the local ruler was filled with various ceramic and glassware.
The Hulbuk Palace consisted of a fortress, long, very wide corridors, and rectangular walls. The floors of the building resemble parquet. The walls were decorated with wall paintings. In addition, it was decorated with painted paintings of hunting walls, musical instruments, scenes of rituals, dances, and in the form of geometric and floral ornaments. There are also images of mythical animals and fish, alabaster and woodcarvings.
The palace dates back to the 11th century. There were ceramic pipes and brick channels, and water and heating systems were carried out. The room was heated thanks to large jugs, which are commonly called "hums". The jug was filled with charcoal, and after it was heated, it gave its heat to the floor.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice," will be happy to provide you with transport and professional guides who will show you the ancient city of Kurgan-Tube and all the monuments that are located on its territory.
The healing springs of Chiluchor Chashma
The healing springs of Chiluchor Chashma, or as the locals call them, "Forty-four springs," are the springs that are located 10–12 kilometers from the village of Shaartuz.
Here, in the very middle of the hot desert, about five large-scale and over 38 small healing water springs are beating from the ground. All sources are interconnected and merge to form a whole channel, which reaches a width of about 13 meters. The channel is home to a large number of fish.
There is a legend connected with this place, which says that when Caliph Ali saw one of the dried-up rivers called "Romit," he asked Allah himself to give him water to drink. When the Caliph made his request, he hit the ground with a stick and five clear springs were hammered into this area.
The healing springs of Chiluchor Chashma are considered by the locals to be a place of pilgrimage. People to pray, bathe, and make sacrifices, visit this place. Each source has its own name and cures a certain scourge:
Ashmai muin suffers from hair loss;
Chashmai Moron, Hunukzadagon-from snakebite and from inflammation;
Fishori Hong suffers from hypertension.
Huni Bini-from nosebleed;
Sardard-from a headache;
Pesho-a psoriasis treatment;
Ustukhondard-from bone diseases;
Gurda was afflicted with kidney disease.
Chashmu Gush-from eye and ear diseases;
Dilu Chigar-from heart and liver diseases;
Murod was afflicted with depression.
Scabies afflict Horish;
Devonaho-from mental illness, etc.
On the territory of the healing springs there is a hill on which a tiny mausoleum is located, in which, according to legend, Kambar Bobo was buried (he was the head of the stable of Caliph Ali). In addition, there are nameless graves of holy people in the mausoleum.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice," will be happy to provide you with transport and professional guides who will show you the healing springs of Chiluchor Chashma.