The History of Tajikistan

The history of the Tajik people is intertwined with the histories of the peoples of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan. The ancestors of the Tajiks were considered Massagets, Bactrians, Sakas, and Sogdians.
The most ancient slave systems in the world were considered Sogdiana and Bactria. The Sogdians and Bactrians were sedentary. They had a good trade, and they were perfect masters of arts and crafts.

Alexander the Great conquered these two states, but two centuries later, the local population was able to free themselves from the yoke of the conquerors, and they became part of the Kushan Empire.

The Great Silk Road passed through Tocharistan. In the ancient cities of Tajikistan, there was active trading in both silk and glassware.
In those times, Sogdiana and Bactria had long remained under the rule of the Ephtalites. Some nomads settled and mingled with the local population.

The rise of culture and the economy began in the 4th century. In the mines, people dig for lapis lazuli, iron, silver, copper, gold, and ruby. Cities grew and developed. Irrigation canals were also built.

In the 7th or 8th century, gradually the principality began to emerge, but they were weak and could not stand up to the Arabs. The Arabs tried to insist on their religion and introduced various high taxes.

On the part of the local population, there increasingly began to be uprisings and finally the Arabs became difficult to hold. And at the end of the 9th century, the local population turned to freedom from the oppression of the Arabs. Thus, the independent Tajik state of Samanids has appeared.

The State Samanid existed for over a century. There was rapid growth in trade and crafts. There was a large increase in mining and agriculture.
This was the era of the Renaissance, when such talents as Rudaki, Ferdowsi, Abu Ali Ibn Sina, and many other talented philosophers, poets, healers, and astronomers made an invaluable contribution to the history of not only the state but also of the whole world.

In the 11th century, they formed a new state called the Seljuks, which was regarded as nomadic Turkic tribes.
In the early 13th century, the Mongols conquered Central Asia and, by this way, it had begun a new uprising.

The arrival of Amir Timur temporarily stopped the uprising. Within his reign, the city prospered, restored historic sites, as well as developed science and art. There was internal strife and attacks in the new empire, which was created by the great conqueror. These developments greatly shook the empire.
So Muhammad Sheibani Khan came to conquer Central Asia, but he was killed, and in the 17th century, he formed a new Khiva Khanate.

In the late 19th century, the amount of irrigated land per capita increased and the kulaks began to grow. The land of landowners was leased to sharecroppers-chayrikeram.

The First World War particularly exacerbated contradictions and separation in society. Since the end of the war, the Republic of Tajikistan's economy has begun to rise.
New factories began to appear in the country at the same time as power stations.
In October 1991, Tajikistan became an independent state.

General information about Tajikistan.

The Republic of Tajikistan is a country in Central Asia that is situated in the foothills of the Pamir Mountains. Tajikistan shares borders with such countries as China, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan.

The Republic of Tajikistan is considered the only Persian-speaking state in Central Asia.

The population consists mainly of Tajiks, who are Sunni Muslim.

General information

The city was founded in the ninth century BC.

Independence Date: September 9, 1991

Capital: Dushanbe;

Big cities: Dushanbe, Khujand, Kulyab, Kurgan-Tube, Istaravshan, Kanibadam, Penjikent, Khorog, Tursunzade;

Area: 143,100 sq. km.

Tajik is the official language.

International languages: Russian

Presidential republicanism is the government's form of government.

The population is 8,486,300 people.

tj's internet zone

Religion: Islam, Orthodox Christianity,

Currency: Somoni.

The Republic of Tajikistan is very rich in natural resources.

The Flag of the Republic of Tajikistan:

The Tajikistan flag has three horizontal stripes: red, green, and white. The flag shows a stylized golden crown and a semicircle of seven stars. The crown and stars fit into a rectangle, and the five-pointed star into a circle.

The Tajikistan flag was adopted in 1992.

There are several interpretations of the flag colors:




The symbolism of flowers goes back far in ancient times. If you start from the Avesta, it is believed that society was divided into three main estates, each of which is associated with a color:

Red-the military elite. Self-sacrifice and valor

White, clergy. Moral purity;

Green-freemen. Prosperity and nature.

The Republic of Kyrgyzstan's coat of arms is as follows:

The State Emblem of the Republic of Tajikistan is a stylized crown and a semicircle of seven stars in the sun that rises from behind the mountains, snow-covered with a framed crown. On the right side are ears of wheat, and to the left are branches with opened bolls of cotton. At the top of the crown is interwoven with a three-way ribbon, and at the bottom, there is the book on a special stand.

National holidays

1 January-New Year;

8 March, International Women's Day;

Navruz, March 21–24;

Labor Day is May 1st.

9 May—Victory Day;

27 June-Day of National Unity;

9 September, Independence Day; and

November 6, Constitution Day.

The official currency of the Republic of Tajikistan is considered somoni. In the exchange offices and banks, you can exchange dollars and euros for the local currency. The Visa card is also accepted in the country.

You have the right to import and export from the country of the currency in unlimited quantities. The most important thing is to include the amount of money in the declaration.

The population of Tajikistan.

Tajikistan is a multinational country where more than 80 nationalities live today. Tajiks accounted for 79.9% of the population, Russians for 1%, Uzbeks for 15.3%, and so on.
It is estimated that the current population of the Republic of Tajikistan is more than 6 million. In Tajikistan, most families have many children, and the population is growing in the end.

According to the computation, in 2016 the population will reach a number more than 150,000 people. In addition, by the 2017th year, the population of Tajikistan will be more than 8,000,000 people.

The national currency of Tajikistan.

Somoni is considered the national currency of Tajikistan.
The name of the Tajik national currency has changed due to the founder of the Tajik government, Ismoil Somoni.
To avoid confusion, all banknotes differ not only in their color scheme but also in their size.

One somoni is equal to 100 dirhams.
To date, in the Republic of Tajikistan, this has involved such banknotes as 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 somoni. Diram: 1, 5, 20, and 50. Also, in cash, use 1, 3, and 5 somoni coins.