of Uzbekistan

The traditions and customs of the Uzbek people have been developed for centuries. They are very distinctive, bright and diverse, dating back to different eras and religions. The beginning of the formation of the culture of the Uzbek ethnic group dates back to the VI–VII centuries BC, to the time when nomadic tribes switched to a sedentary lifestyle in the valleys of the Amu Darya, Syr Darya, and Zarafshan rivers and created their first states. Former nomads founded settlements and cities, bringing with them customs and traditions based on ancient ancestral cults. The territory of present-day Uzbekistan (Mesopotamia), which was part of the early states (Khorezm, Sogdiana, Bactria), became the basis for the formation of culture, which later became the basis of the culture of the Uzbek people.

Features of Uzbek traditions

Over the centuries, the traditions and customs of the Uzbek people have remained almost unchanged, despite the desire of numerous invaders to impose an alien foreign culture. The greatest influence on the formation of the customs and traditions of the Uzbek people was exerted by the Arabs, who spread the religion of Islam throughout Central Asia. The traditions of Islam are closely intertwined with pre-Islamic beliefs and traditions, with local culture, and are firmly entrenched in the everyday life and consciousness of the Uzbek people.

The age-old customs and traditions of the Uzbeks are carefully preserved and passed down from generation to generation. Like many Asian nations, most Uzbek customs are associated with major family celebrations like weddings and the birth of a child. A lot of rituals and rituals are connected with these events; parents, children, brothers, sisters, close and distant relatives, even neighbors and guests are involved; everyone has their own role. Uzbek traditions are based on hospitality, respect for the elderly, and collectivism, manifested especially vividly in makhallas (Uzbek quarters)—keepers of age-old national foundations.
This ancient rite has been preserved in Uzbek culture since time immemorial and is still observed in Uzbekistan. For every Uzbek family, this is a big holiday, in preparation for which all relatives, neighbors, and family friends participate.

It is held on the fortieth day since the birth of the child. The relatives of the young mother bring a richly decorated beshik - a brightly decorated rocking cot, clothes and other things necessary for the newborn. In addition, it is supposed to bring cakes wrapped in a tablecloth, sweets, and toys.

According to the tradition of beshik tuya in Uzbekistan, while the guests are having fun and enjoying themselves at the festive table, elderly women conduct the rite of the first swaddling and putting the baby in the beshik in the nursery. The ceremony ends with a viewing, during which the invited guests present gifts to the baby.