Initially, the city was named Ashkhabad. Then, in 1919, it was renamed Poltoratsk. Finally, in 1927, it was called Ashgabat, which means, from Persian, eshg is love, and the word abad, translated as convenient.
Ashgabat is a large-scale cultural, scientific, and industrial center in the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Here osculate the modern and the archaeological with historical monuments of antiquity.
Ashgabat has repeatedly been mentioned in the Guinness Book of Records as "the whitest marble city in the world" (such buildings in the city: 543). "The city in which there is the world's highest flagpole" (133 meters), "The city in which there is the largest gated Ferris wheel," "The City where the largest number of fountains" (the total area of the fountain complex equals 15 hectares, and so on.
In the capital of the Republic of Turkmenistan, a designated place is considered a monument to the book "Ruhnama". The first president of the country wrote it, and this book is considered sacred to the locals. In the book, Ruhnama wrote the whole history of the state, the president's biography, and a description of all the moral and ideological principles that should guide everyone in the country.
There is also a museum with branches in the city, namely, the Museum of History and Ethnography Museum and the Musem of the President in the same display area, the National Museum of Turkmen Carpet. Inside the halls, visitors can get acquainted with the remarkable exposition, which tells about the history of the country, its ups and downs, as well as the history of the development of carpet weaving and arts and crafts in general.
One of the biggest attractions is the Turkmenistan Neutrality Monument, which was erected in 1998. Its height is 95 meters, and it is considered the tallest building in the whole country.
The city and its surroundings perfectly preserved ancient monuments of architecture and history. For instance, Azadi Mosque, Mound Abiverd, the mausoleum of Abul-Fazl, the mausoleum of Turkmenbashi, Ruhy Fortress, Nadir Shah, an ancient settlement, Nissa Fortress, and Geok-Tepe.
The bazaar that extends for several kilometers under the interesting name "Tolkuchka" is considered a popular destination for tourists, as are the ancient minarets with mausoleums. Here you can find everything your heart's desires. A variety of goods and Turkmen traditions in trade attract crowds of tourists and curious citizens.
Our travel agency, «Orient Mice», will gladly provide you with transportation as well as expert guides who will lead you on a memorable historical and cultural tour of Ashgabat, the capital of the Republic of Turkmenistan.