Sights of the Republic of Turkmenistan
The Republic of Turkmenistan is a very rich country in its historical planning. A large number of historical and architectural monuments from the ancient world have been preserved on the territory of the state. In addition, all of them are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Merv is an ancient city that is located 40 km from Mary. How this city appeared remains a mystery for scientists. However, it is no secret that great and famous people lived and worked in it. They were Omar Khayyam, As-Samani, Imamaddin-Isfahani, As-Samani, Omar Khayyam, and many others. The ruins that remain of the outstanding city tell us about how it grew and developed. On its territory, such settlements as Abdullahan-Kala, Erk-Kala, Sultan-Kala, and Giaur-Kala have been preserved.
Kunya-Urgench is the ancient capital of Northern Khorezm, which today is considered a historical and architectural reserve. This city is mentioned in manuscripts dating back to the 1st century AD.
There are a large number of caves on the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan, among which only a few hundred are considered studied and registered. The most famous caves are the Kov-Ata and Karlyuk caves. They are over 2000 years old. The mileage of the caves is more than 50 kilometers. Passages and stone curtains connect them.
In the eastern part of the Republic of Turkmenistan, there is an open–air natural museum, "Dinosaur Plateau." This museum houses a unique collection of traces of prehistoric lizards. Travelers can capture more than 150 prints of different paw sizes on the camera.
The so-called "Gates of Hell" attract a large number of tourists to the Republic of Turkmenistan. This is the Darvaza gas crater, which is located in the Karakum Desert.
One can talk about the natural and architectural sights of Turkmenistan for a very long time. On our website, you can find out more information about the sights of the Republic of Turkmenistan. In addition, the operators of the Orient Mice agency will help you make a plan for an interesting excursion, as well as help with visas and provide a professional guide and comfortable transport.
"The horse is an equal member of the family of the Turkmen."
For a long time, the Turkmen, as well as the Kazakhs and Tajiks, were considered excellent riders and lovers of beautiful and strong horse breeds.
The Akhal-Teke were specially bred in Turkmenistan more than 5,000 years ago. Alhatekintsy has always been a very fast horse and is still considered one of the most known breeds in the world.
Attitudes towards horses in the Republic of Turkmenistan have always been special. They passed down respect and reverence for these graceful and intelligent animals from generation to generation.Here, there is even a saying such as "the horse is an equal member of the family of the Turkmen".
Scientists have found chronicles dating back to 4-5 centuries BC, where local tribes adopted the horse symbol as their arms. It was believed that the horse symbolizes the sun and is equivalent to the heavenly bodies as an appropriate animal.
In addition, in the territory of Turkmenistan, it is popularly believed that the horse is a faithful and noble animal. Therefore, more frequently, they did not have nicknames, like dogs and cats. Here, the horses had names.
The representation of a winged horse exists even in the people's ancient epics. It is believed that the horse came from a celestial animal that was not only fast, but was free and floating in the sky.
The Republic of Turkmenistan is the birthplace of the international center for the cultivation of Akhal-Teke horses. They have very thin skin and their hair shimmers in the sun from light to dark colors. The approximate height of the jump is equal to 8 m 78 cm.
Turkmens are considered the only people in the whole of Central Asia who do not eat horsemeat. By the way, since 1992, there has been a special folk festival dedicated to the noble breeds of horses in the country: "Feast of Turkmen Horse".
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice," is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will arrange for you a memorable tour of the stud farm where you can be acquainted with the Akhal-Teke horses and learn a lot about them.
Altyn Asyr (Bazaar "Tolkuchka")
"Tolkuchka" is the first and most ancient oriental bazaar that appeared on the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan, in the capital Ashgabat. It appears in its place, the bazaar "Altyn Asyr" was built, which is translated from Turkmen as the "Golden Age." However, local residents of the old traditions continue to call it "Tolkuchka." Since it is possible to find everything your heart desires, there have always been a lot of buyers and sellers.
Altyn Asyr has an area of over 150 hectares and its construction resembled carpet gel in Ahalskomsk province. The high tower was located in the heart of the bazaar, in which there were hours.
There were more than 2150 different stores on the territory of the ancient bazaar. A hotel was built for tourists next to the bazaar. This decision was made in 2011-2012. Many guests stay in this hotel because, for them, it is considered a very convenient place to buy souvenirs.
In 2013, high-speed internet appeared in the market, and the construction of another 1,000 shops with souvenirs was completed. In addition, the market has been outfitted with telephone equipment and the most recent folding rooms.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice," is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will arrange for you a memorable tour of the bazaar, as well as reserve space for you at the hotel, which is located near the market with a history that goes back to the ancient times.
The gas crater of Darvaza
In the Republic of Turkmenistan, many tourists visit the crater, which is called the "Gates of Hell."
The gas crater, Darvaza, is located in the Karakum Desert. The flames broke out of the ground, which had not subsided for many years.
In 1971, when excavations and geological work took place in the desert, geologists accidentally uncovered an underground cavity. Geologists had hoped that the natural gas would be enough for a few days and then it would fade. However, for the past 45 years, the fire has never stopped burning.
In 2004, the government decided to move the village of Darvaza to another location.
In the daytime, the gas crater of Darvaza seems like just a pit, which reaches a depth of about 20 meters. Only when you come close to the "Gates of Hell" are you able to see the fire that burns inside him. At night, the picture changes completely. The fascinating flame attracts as closely as possible, illuminating the yellow sands of Karakum.
If you decide to enjoy the peace and quiet and watch the amazing natural attractions of Turkmenistan, it should be noted that some segments of the road pass through the sandy segment, and it can be overcome only by an all-terrain vehicle.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will conduct a memorable natural excursion for you.
The National Museum of Turkmenistan, Cultural Centre, Museum of ethnography and local history of Ashgabat, Museum of the President of the Republic of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan's capital, Ashgabat, is famous for its buildings and architectural monuments, some of which are included in the Guinness Book of Records.
For example, it is possible to talk about the state museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan, which is listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
Initially, this architectural building was called the "main national museum."
The National Museum of the National Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan is one of the largest museums in Turkmenistan. In total, there are 26 museums. The opening was November 12, 1998. The place for the museum was chosen on purpose. The beautiful and green landscape of the foothills of the Kopet Dagh attracts more tourists.
The building consists of three levels with a total area of 15,000 sq. The main building is decorated with a 16-sided dome of heavenly color. For facade decoration, the most expensive types of wood were used, Finnish granite and bronze. Tinted glass windows and ornate cornices create a memorable appearance for the museum.
In 2009, the main building of the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan was completed with a few buildings, which housed the President of Turkmenistan and the Museum of History and Ethnography of Turkmenistan.
The main museum in Turkmenistan has been specially equipped with the new autonomous system of water and energy supply, several halls for restoration, a laboratory, and so forth.
To date, the collection of artifacts is divided into 7 rooms, where visitors can be acquainted with more than 166,000 different architectural and historical artifacts that tell the story of the Republic of Turkmenistan from ancient times to the present day.
The Museum of History and Ethnography has the ancient artifacts that were discovered during archaeological excavations in the ancient settlements, namely, Merv and Nyssa.
In addition, there is an entire exhibition of ancient Turkmen carpets, Turkmen national dress, weapons, objects of everyday life, and jewelry.
In the halls can be seen silver statues of Eros and Athens, Buddhist artifacts, objects of the Paleozoic period, fossilized dinosaur footprints, and so on.
The Museum of the President of the Republic of Turkmenistan is divided into 10 halls, where visitors can be acquainted with the exposition, which is dedicated to the documentation, the Heads of State gifts, photo and video materials, and thus learn the whole story of the reign of the Presidents of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Our travel agency «Orient Mice» is delighted to provide you with transportation and expert guides. He will lead you on a memorable historical tour of Turkmenistan's capital, Ashgabat, as well as the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan, which includes the Main National Museum, the History Museum and Turkmen ethnography, and the Museum of the President of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
In the eastern part of the Republic of Turkmenistan is a mountain chain named Koytendag, or as it is called by the locals, Kugitangtau.
The mountain range, which consists of numerous cliffs and gorges from year to year, attracts crowds of tourists.
This place is full of lots of interesting trails for hikers and mountain climbers. In addition, there are deep lakes and ancient caves.
It is located here, and the world-famous Plateau of Dinosaurs, with prehistoric reptile tracks that lived on our planet millions of years ago.
Tourists caught in this exotic open-air museum will be able to capture on camera over 150 prints of various sizes of paws. Some of which have been perfectly preserved to the present day.
The slopes of Koytendag ridge are dotted with trees and rare species of medicinal herbs.
A special place in the mountains, Koytendag, and little known ancient caves that create the secret world of the many caves and underground lakes.
Our travel agency, «Orient Mice», is happy to provide transportation and expert guides who will lead you on a memorable natural tour of the Koytendag Ridge on narrow mountain trails on horseback and show you the most beautiful and amazing places of Koytendag, with its lakes and many caves.
Kopetdag is a very massive mountain system, which is on the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan and on the border between Iran and Turkmenistan.
The mountain system stretches for 650 kilometers and attracts travelers with its interesting landscapes and scenery. For instance, it settled at the bottom of Alpine meadows, and a little higher, you can capture the semi-arid surroundings.
Here, the Kopetdag reserve was created in the 20th century, which is well known among visitors for its rare species of animals and birds. Travelers in the Kopetdag reserve are able to observe striped hyenas and wild sheep, bezoar goats, leopards, and cheetahs.
As a result, many resorts and tourist areas have sprouted up in the Kopetdag region.The most famous tourist area is considered "Firyuzinka".
Once you find yourself in one of the resort areas of Kopetdag, you will have the opportunity to not only treat your own health but also go on an interesting trek on horseback.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will give you a memorable tour of the natural reserve of Kopetdag, as well as show you the most beautiful and amazing places in the Kopetdag Mountains.
Abiverd ancient settlement is considered the oldest reserve in the whole territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
The ancient city, or rather its ruins, can be found between Ashgabat and Mary. In ancient times, this place was called Baverd. The town frequently changes its name. It was called Paart, Peshtak, Abaverd, and so on. Despite the fact that the ancient city's name has changed several times, it has always been regarded as the largest and most populous center of ancient Northern Khorasan.
There was a fortress in ancient Abiverd that was considered very good protection for the locals from the constant raids and invaders.
In 652 AD, an uprising began to occur in Abiverd. In addition, different rulers of the Arab Caliphate tried to rule its territory.
Through the fortress was built a mosque, and by passing through it, you can get to the central area of the ancient city. There were artisan quarters on two sides of the city. Where masters of coinage and jewelers created their masterpieces.
The ancient settlements of Turkmenistan are still poorly understood. At this point, from the big city, there were only ruins, which are located in the middle of a small village in the state.
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Gonur Tepe is an amazing place that was opened by the famous archaeologist Victor Sarianidi.
Tepe means "mound" or "mound". The city existed over 4,000 years ago and is now only known from the ruins discovered by a famous archaeologist. The ruins of the ancient city are located near the ancient city of Mary.
Annually, archaeologists and scientists come here to uncover the secrets of the ancient city. Due to the excavations, a large number of ceramic and glassware, beautiful jewelry in silver and gold, materials and national dress, weapons, and objects of domestic labor were found.
According to the assumptions of scientists, the city is very highly valued for handicraft production. In addition, trade was well developed. The magnitude of the complex that was discovered during the excavations is equal to more than 30 hectares.
They are still carrying out several programs. One includes the archaeological site and the other museumification.
According to scientists and archaeologists, the inhabitants of Gonur City were an advanced civilization that is considered a rare occurrence at the time when it existed.
Archaeological work has shown that in 2000 BC, Gonur Tepe was a place in Margiana. It was a region that belonged to the Bronze Age. Most of the territory is still hidden in the Karakum desert.
Every summer, excavations in this part of Turkmenistan take place, and every year, archaeologists find more subjects in comparison with the previous year. These subjects reflect the art of artisans and masters of Arts and crafts of the Bronze Age.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will give you a memorable historical tour of the ancient settlements of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Shehr-Islam is an ancient medieval city that is situated on the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan. It is near Baharly and is a well-known destination among tourists.
The results of archaeological excavations were considered the largest-scale trade and craft centers in all of Northern Khorasan at the time.
The city was revived in the 9th century and began to flourish after the third century. Nevertheless, a century later, handicraft production was reduced and a major part of the inhabitants left the ancient city.
In the 15th century, the medieval settlement completely ceased to exist.
Archaeologists at excavations Shehr-Islam found a large quantity of pottery and objects of decorative art.
In addition, some parts of the city, namely walls, towers, and even residential areas, have been very well preserved to date.
It counted about 100 towers that served as protection for the ancient city from the constant wars and invaders. They reach a height of 10 meters. The living quarters were very spacious. They had a few rooms and cellars were present.
Archaeologists discovered plumbing that had been built by local people in the 13th century out of brick.
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A world-famous cave complex called "Ekedeshik" is located near the village of Tagtabazar.
The two-story labyrinth of clay is located at an altitude of 100 meters above the level of the flowing river in these surroundings. On the ground floor, according to archaeologists, there were numerous storage rooms and dug wells. On the second floor, there are prayer rooms, kitchens, and residential complexes.
Ekedeshik The labyrinth consists of numerous corridors and cave dwellings, which in turn merge with each other into semi-cylindrical vaults.
The cave is an ancient city of one input. Therefore, this place gets its name because "Ekedeshik" in the Turkmen language means "one hole."
Archaeologists and scientists have spent a little time here; thereupon, this ancient monument is considered to be not yet studied. There is an assumption that the complex emerged in the 1st century BC.
According to scientists' supposition, monks lived in these caves and practiced the Buddhist and Christian religions.
In total, the cave complex of Ekedeshik has more than 40 caves.
Nowadays, the cave city of Ekedeshik is considered the cultural reserve of the Republic of Turkmenistan, which attracts more and more tourists every year.
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Kunya Urgench is a very ancient capital of Northern Khorezm and is considered an architectural and historical reserve, situated near the capital of Turkmenistan.
This city, which is the capital of Northern Khorezm, is mentioned in manuscripts that date back to the 1st century AD.
In 995, the place was called Gurgandzh and became the residence of the Khorezm Shah. It was the second city after Bukhara regarding its size.
Kunya Urgench was a commercial and cultural center in the middle Ages. The city was constantly attacked by different conquerors.
In 1221, inhabitants of the city rebelled against Genghis Khan, but in the end, the city was razed to the ground. After it was restored in 1388, the army of Tamerlane attacked it. He believed that the city was a great competitor to Samarkand, and therefore as well as the Mongols, he destroyed it to the ground.
Kunya Urgench recovered for a very long time and fully blossomed in 1831.
The sights of the ancient city of Turkmenistan are the mausoleum of the Mongolian Princess Torebeg Khanum, the mausoleum of Kyrkmolla, the minaret of Kutlug Timur, the mausoleum of Najimetdin Kubra, the madrasah of Ibn Hajib, the mausoleum of Arslan 2, the mausoleums of Azizan Al Ramatani, Fakhr ad-Din Razi, Piryarveli, Seyid Ahmed and Guligerdan. The fortress of Ak-Kala with a minaret and a mausoleum, the mausoleum of Dashmejeta Matkarima-Ishan, and so on.
All the historical and archaeological monuments of Kunya Urgench are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Our travel agency «Orient Mice» is delighted to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will lead you on a memorable historical tour of Turkmenistan's ancient city of Kunya Urgench and its architectural and historical landmarks, which have been meticulously preserved to the present day.
Mary is a city in the Republic of Turkmenistan, which is the third largest on its scale. It is located in the center of the famous Karakum desert.
The city of Mary was founded in 1884. Initially, it was considered by the Russian military and administrative centers and was called Merv. In 1937, it was renamed Mary, and today, the city is a center of a large-scale cotton growing area.
In the city of Turkmenistan, as well as a large number of architectural and historical sights in the surrounding area,
It will be very interesting for tourists to walk around the mausoleum of Mohammed ibn-Zeid and Sultan Sanjar, see the construction of mosques, and Talhatan Baba Yusuf Hamadani. In the Local History Museum, you get to know the city's history and about its development thanks to the archaeological findings.
Near the city are perfectly preserved ancient towns. They are included in the protected area called "Bayramali". The historical and architectural areas are under the protection of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Here are well-preserved architectural monuments such as Erk Kala, Bayramalihan Kala, and the mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar, Gyaur feces, and many others. They all date back to the 1st century BC and AD.
Our travel agency, «Orient Mice», is delighted to arrange transportation and expert guides to take you on a memorable tour of Turkmenistan's historic city of Mary, as well as its architectural, historical, and natural monuments.
The ancient city of Merv is located only 40 km from the famous city of Turkmenistan, Mary.
As has been formed, this ancient city, for scientists, remains a mystery. It is believed that the earliest settlements in this place were formed about 6–8 centuries BC, but the fact is that in this city lived and worked famous and great people, namely, Imamaddin-Isfahani, Al-Samani, Omar Khayyam, and many other thinkers of the Middle Ages.
The ruins that remain from the ancient and great city tell visitors about how fast it grew and developed.
Here are preserved monuments of ancient settlements such as Sultan Kala, Bayramalihan-Kala-Kala Gyaur, Erk Kala, and Kala Abdullakhan. Some had only hills, while others had foundations, kitchen utensils, and other archaeological finds.
Merv is an amazing and unique archaeological and historical monument that is under state protection.
Seljuk Empire monuments have been preserved in the ancient city.For instance, the Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar Dar al-Ahira. This monument has been well preserved to the present day.height reaches 40 meters. In addition to the foundation and walls, perfectly preserved, and the celestial dome that rests on a very thin brick wall,
In addition, visitors will be interested in such attractions as the Citadel Shazriar-Ark, the citadel ruins and towers of Bayramalihan-Kala, the complex of Talhatan Baba, the mausoleums of Buraydah ibn al-Husayn al-Islami and al-Hakim ibn Amir al-Jaafari, and the mosque Yusuf Hamadani. All these monuments date from the 4th to 16th centuries. Some of them have been reconstructed, and now they are ready to take visitors again.
The ancient city of Merv is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and our travel agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will hold an interesting historical tour for you.
In the Republic of Turkmenistan, there are the ruins of the ancient city of Nysa near the town of Ashgabat, which was the capital of the Parthian state in the first century BC.
There were temple and palace structures built, as well as large-scale wine storage and a variety of stores with a variety of stocks.
The city walls had a thickness of 8–9 meters and had been further strengthened by 43 rectangular towers.
When the city of Nisa was the capital of the Parthian state, it was called Mitridatkert. This name was given in honor of King Mithridates I. By the way, according to his order, this ancient city was built.
In 226 AD, the Parthian state ceased to exist, and on its basis, Arsakid Ardashir decided to create a new realm, headed by the Sassanid dynasty.
Generic Nest over Time Arsakid was looted and turned into ruins. It blossomed again and began to develop only after Nisa joined the Arab caliphate.
During the archaeological excavations on the site, they have found white marble sculpture, pottery shards, numerous vessels of ivory, and other household utensils that have been perfectly preserved in spite of the passage of time.
In 2007, the ancient city of Nysa was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice", is happy to provide you with transportation and professional guides who will arrange for you a memorable tour of the historic ancient settlement of Turkmenistan, Nisa, and its architectural and historical monuments.
Mary's Historical Museum
Mary's Local History Museum was built in 1968 and is considered a well-known destination among tourists and local residents.
The first museum exhibition was held in 1974. Today, the building housing the local history museum is a three-level building made of white marble with a basement room that was decorated with colored granite.
The total area of the museum is equal to 10,000 sq. The area of the rooms that have been specifically set aside for the collection of exhibits is 4,000 sq.
In total, six rooms have been allocated for the exhibition. A laboratory, a special restoration room, a conference room, and a large-scale storage area are also included.
In the museum, there is a "Renaissance Room," which is dedicated to the modern history of the Republic of Turkmenistan, and a hall with the archaeological excavations of the ancient city of Merv and Gonur.
In the hall of ethnography, there are household items as well as arts and crafts.
One of the rooms is used for "temporary" exhibitions, which are relevant to a specific topic.
In the hall of history, visitors are able to observe landscapes of Turkmenistan, as well as scenes from the history and nature of the state on the local dioramas.
The total number of exhibits in the historical museum is over 40,000.
The museum's displays tell visitors about the history of the Republic of Turkmenistan from its birth until now. Visitors can be acquainted not only with the ancient archaeological remains, which were found during excavations, but also with other documentation in the form of records and photographs. Our travel agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will give you a memorable tour of the Local History Museum of the city of Mary.
Yangi Qala Canyons
The canyons of Yangi Qala are close to Turkmenbashi and are considered one of the most magnificent and beautiful places in this part of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Translated from the Turkmen language, "Yangi Qala" means "fire of the fortress." The name of this natural area was given due to the combination of colors in the area. High canyons are painted with ocher, red, yellow, and purple flowers. Since there is often rain, the canyons are in the form of fortresses and castles.
Archaeologists and scientists have proved that in ancient times, it housed an unnamed lake that dried up over time.
If you like hiking, jeep tours, living in tents, watching nature and beautiful scenery at sunset, our travel agency «Orient Mice» is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will arrange for you a memorable tour of the ancient natural sand "locks" of the most beautiful place in Myanmar under the interesting name of Yangi Qala.
The Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea is the most extensive and deepest lake that is draining and is located in the western part of Turkmenistan, at the same time serving as a boundary point.
Its area equals more than 350 thousand sq. km, and it is located at a height of 27 meters below sea level. The maximum depth is 1025 meters.
According to one legend, the sea gets its name from the fact that here, near these places, inhabited the ancient tribes of the Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea has been given over 60 different names throughout its history.Hvalisskoe sea is the modern name for it.
The sea temperature is constantly changing. It all depends on the coasts, the time of year, and areas of the world. For instance, in the northern part, the temperature reaches -10 to -11. In shallow waters, the water can reach a temperature of + 25 °C.
In the open sea, the water temperature in the north is reduced to -12 °C, and in the south to -16 °C.
The Caspian Sea climate is also subject to change, depending on the light boards. In the southern part, it is sub-tropical, and in the north, it is continental. In winter, the air temperature drops to + 8... + 10... -8. In summer, the air temperature in the region rises to +26, +27, and +44. Temperature varied depending on which part of the light was fixed.
The city, which is close to the Caspian Sea in the Republic of Turkmenistan, is called Turkmenbashi.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice," is glad to provide expert guides who will take you on a memorable historical and natural tour of the Republic of Turkmenistan around Turkmenbashi, as well as provide an opportunity to ride on a ferry to one of the deepest and largest lakes in the world: the Caspian Sea.
Geok-Tepe is a special city for Turkmen. It is close to the foothills of Kopet Dagh on the north side. Today, the town of Geok-Tepe is a patriotic pride of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
In the 19th century, the castle was built here to protect the city from raids and wars. In 1878, General Skobelev took it.
Everyone is familiar with the fact that when the Turks formed a battle on this spot, over several thousand soldiers that defended Geok-Tepe were killed. Because the fortress was conquered, the Russian army opened the road to the ancient Merv willows, the current Turkmen capital of Ashgabat.
January 12 is considered Memorial Day for the Geoktepe battle in 1881 in the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Initially (when the fortress was built), the eponymous village was in this place, which is just in its 2008th year, having received the official status of a city.
This city is very popular among tourists, not only because of the ruins of the fortress of Geok-Tepe, but also because in the city there are several architectural and historical monuments of the country. This Neolithic site includes Pessedzhik Tepe and Sapurmurat Mosque, Hajji (1995).
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The "Avaza" resort
"Avaza" resort is situated on the coast of the Caspian Sea, in the vicinity of the city of Turkmenbashi.
The resort has a large area where the tourists are given a considerable choice of hotels. In addition, there are small cottage houses for a convenient family holiday.
There are many places for recreation, namely, tennis courts, cafes, restaurants, spa resorts, sports centers, indoor and outdoor pools, sea geysers, and multi-level car parks.
All conditions are created in order to make your holiday unforgettable, so you will want to come back here again.
Annually, the number of new parks, hotels, sports complexes, and golf clubs in the resort "Avaza" increases in the end. In addition, a large aquapark, the Dolphinarium, and aquarium were built there.
The Kart Center, for lovers of driving fast and adrenaline, was opened relatively recently and is quite well known among the guests of the tourist zone.
The resort area "Avaza" is considered a center of tourism.
According to the plans of architects and builders, the tourist zone "Avaza" will be completely finished by 2020.
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The Museum of Fine Arts of Turkmenistan, named after Saparmurat Turkmenbashi the Great
The Museum of Fine Arts of Turkmenistan, named after Saparmurat Turkmenbashi the Great, is situated in Ashgabat.
Its collection consists of eleven rooms. Inside each of them, visitors will find interesting works by talented artists and sculptors.
One room is devoted to modern Turkmen artists. There is present work by Baba Ovganova and Yarla Bayramova.
Another hall dedicated to the older generation is where you are able to find the works of Turkmen artists such as Adamov, Olga Mizgireva, and Byashim Nurali.
In the exposition of the museum, also included are both the painters and sculptors from Western Europe, 14th–19th centuries. Visitors to the Museum of Fine Arts can observe the works of Spanish, English, and even Flemish sculptors. From the works of a very distinguished porcelain manufactory
One of the halls of the museum is dedicated to archaeological findings. Here is a collection of Margush and Old Nissa, products of arts and crafts from Tibet, China, and Japan Iirana.
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Geoktepe National Museum Battle
On January 12, 1881, the Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev took Geoktepe fortress after a 20-day siege. In this battle, so many soldiers who did not want to give up were killed. Therefore, this day in the Republic of Turkmenistan is celebrated in Turkmenistan as a day of remembrance. It is dedicated to all those who have given their lives for their country.
The National Museum, called "Geoktepe," is located in the capital city of the Republic of Turkmenistan, Geoktepe. The museum was erected in honor of the Geoktepe battle that took place in 1881.
The building consists of several compartments. One part is dedicated to ethnography and the second to military history.
The most important exhibit at the National Museum Geoktepe Battle is considered a diorama of the battle, which reaches a height of 7 meters and a length of 19.4 meters.
The artist Muhammad Babaev performed the diorama as a project.
The National Museum in Geoktepe Battle also has a special building for the Sadaqah rite with a new mosque.
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The National Museum of Turkmenistan "Ak Bugday" (white wheat Museum)
The National Museum of Turkmenistan, "Ak Bugday," is located in the city of Hanau, which in turn is not far from the capital of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat.
The museum was built in the early 1990s and is dedicated to the most famous variety of wheat, which is grown on the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan, "Ak Bugday", or as the locals call it, "white wheat."
The building consists of three storeys and has a total area of 32, 000 sqm. The building has a height of 21 meters. On its territory, there are also fields with towering ears of one of the famous varieties of millet.
There is a conference room, a variety of rooms and special rooms for the rest of the employees and guests on the ground floor of the National Museum of Turkmenistan "Ak Bugday".
The main exhibit of the museum is a grain of wheat that has been preserved since 1904. Raphael Pumpelly on one of the city’s hills found them. He has also been able to prove that the ancient tribes, having decided to lead a sedentary life, began to grow wheat and make bread.
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Turkmen Carpet Museum National
The National Turkmen Carpet Museum is located in the capital of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat. It is located in the center of the capital.
The building is divided into several parts. One part is the administrative building corporation "Turkmenhaly", and the second was reserved specifically for the museum. The total area of the National Turkmen Carpet Museum is 13,400 sq.m.
These carpets have been popular in the Republic of Turkmenistan since ancient times. The first carpets appeared in the 3rd–4th centuries BC. They quickly went into circulation and their caravans began to be exported to Europe and China.
Every century, the national Turkmen carpets absorbed all of the new patterns and painting styles.They had a division for their intended use. For instance, there is an ojeg-bashi (around the hearth), a Halyk (in front of the tent), postilochnye carpets (they were used during the holidays), namazlyk (for prayers), ayatlyk (for burial), asmaldyk (serves as decoration for the camels), and so on.
The Turkmen Carpet National Museum was established in 1993. It is considered one of the cultural centers of the country, with the exposure of 2,000 rare exhibits.
Master restorers worked on the oldest rugs on an annual basis.
In the museum, you will find not only an interesting exhibition but also the opportunity to participate in various conferences that are held within its walls.
Every year on the national holiday, "Day of the Turkmen Carpet," people celebrate the national holiday.
Our travel agency, "Orient Mice", is glad to provide you with transportation and expert guides who will give you a memorable tour of the historic capital of Turkmenistan, as well as the National Museum of Turkmen Carpet.
Turkmenistan Caves: Kow-Ata and Karlyuk
On the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan, there are plenty of caves, among which only a few hundred are considered to be studied and registered.
The most known caves are Kov-Ata and Karlyuk.
The Age of the Cove-Ata Cave is over 2000 years old, it goes to a depth of several hundred meters, and there is the famous underground lake of the same name at its depth. The lake with mineralized water reaches a width of 70 meters and a length of up to 75 meters.
Due to the lake, there is also a resort area as its healing waters contain sodium, iodine, sulfate, iron, and a further 24 chemical elements that are considered medicinal.
After water procedures in the Kov-Ata Lake, you will improve blood circulation and feel a few tens of years younger.
On the slope of the ridge, Kugitangtau settled the Karlyuk caves, which are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and are a natural monument of Turkmenistan.
Karlyuk cave consists of about 60 caves, which is spread out over a territory of more than 50 kilometers. It connected by numerous passages in the underground galleries with stalagmites and stone curtains.
In ancient times, Karlyuk caves were inhabited by numerous colonies of bats.
The most famous caves in this chain are the Caves of the Stone Flower, Hoshmoyuk, and the Cave of the Dead.
The length of some of these caves reaches several tens of meters or even kilometers.
Inside the cave, there are underground cavities with very interesting names. For example, the "Hall of Jellyfish" and the "Hall of Snow Maiden and Santa Claus."
In the Karlyuk caves, visitors can find several large caves, which reach heights of 10 meters and a length of over 200 meters.
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The Dinosaur Plateau
In the eastern part of the Republic of Turkmenistan, in the heart of the mountains, Koytendag natural museum is located, under the open sky, with an amazing collection of traces of prehistoric reptiles. The locals call this place "the Plateau of Dinosaurs."
The Plateau of Dinosaurs is located at an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level and is considered one of the main attractions of the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Travelers who come to this amazing and exotic place are able to capture more than 150 prints of various sized paws. Some of them are very well preserved. The prints have a depth of 10 to 80 cm.
According to scientists, it follows that the dinosaurs that left imprints are the best-known pangolins. This is the famous Tyrannosaurus Rex, Iguanodon, and Megalosaur.
From this place, the locals relate their stories, secrets, and legends. For example, in these places, one of them appears out of nowhere every year in the form of a large white elephant, performing its ritual dance on a sacred night. The legend is so ingrained in these parts that people really, at the dawn of a mysterious night, can "see" how the shadows of large animals disappear in the light of the "waking up" sun.
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The Mystery of Mount Kuhilal
Kuhilal is a small village located in the mountains of Gorno-Badakhshan region of the Republic of Tajikistan. In the eastern part of the village, there is a famous mountain of the same name – Kuhilal.
One of the attractions of the mountain is considered a historical deposit of precious stones and decorative minerals. In addition, the secret is that it is here that there is a deposit of the world-famous red ruby. In the world, the red ruby has the name "Badakhshan lal".
In ancient times, lalom was called all precious stones that had a pink-red hue. In addition, they had other names: spinel, balashi and balakhshi. But these names for stones were not used often.
When research work took place on the territory of the mountain, over 500 precious stones were discovered, which date back to the 8th - 11th centuries.
A large number of legends and mysteries are intertwined with the lalas. According to one of them, it is believed that two brothers came to the Gorno-Badakhshan region to get their wealth. After many days of work, they were able to collect a considerable amount of precious stones. One of the brothers did not want to share the stones found with the second and in the dead of night - he killed him. On the way home, he decided to admire the beautiful stones once again, but found that they had turned into black embers. Unable to withstand such a turn, my brother died of disappointment. That is why, among the inhabitants of this region, it is believed that red lal does not tolerate treachery and is considered the purest and noblest stone.
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Carpets from Turkmenistan
The carpets were popular in ancient times when the nomads moved across Turkmenistan from place to place and passed their secrets and pattern styles from generation to generation.
For the nomadic tribes, a carpet was the main decoration of the home. They hung them on the wall and placed them on the floor. People could determine if the family is rich and its social status by the number of carpets.
The first carpets appeared in the 3rd–4th centuries BC. They quickly went into circulation and their caravans began to be exported to Europe and China.
Every century, the national Turkmen carpets absorbed all of the new patterns and painting styles. They had a division for their intended use. For instance, there is an ojeg-bashi (around the hearth), a Halyk (in front of the tent), postilochnye carpets (they were used during the holidays), namazlyk (for prayers), ayatlyk (for burial), asmaldyk (serves as decoration for the camels), and so on.
Turkmen carpet weaving is a long-term and very laborious manual task. This kind of art in Turkmenistan has always focused solely on women. They weaved carpets from the wool of sheep, and because of the plants, they decoratedthe carpets with colors and interesting patterns. Therefore, each carpet was considered a unique product.
In Turkmenistan, namely in Ashgabat, the Carpet Museum was opened in 1993, where the exhibition of the most exclusive works has been collected.