In the mountains of Baysuntau there is a world-famous cave Teshik-Tash. This cave is known for human remains, found in 1938-1939. The remains belonged to a Neanderthal girl up to 10 years old. The skull is large enough that it is a characteristic feature of the Neanderthals, the nose also protrudes and there is no chin. Together with the remains, the horns of mountain goats were discovered, it means that the burial was done according to ancient rituals. A truly unexpected discovery was made during the excavations, the horns around the body were dug in the form of a circle, which indicates that even in those times people had a mind, rituals, and a certain plan of action for survival and some basics of medicine.

This find helped to better understand the nature of the Neanderthals, the diseases from which they died, their social system that helped them survive in difficult conditions and eternal struggle with predators and for food. According to the study and structure of the skull of Neanderthals, scientists came to the conclusion that they had a much better-developed reaction than a modern man, whose skill was replaced by the ability to abstractly think.

At the moment, the sculpture of a girl made in accordance with the recreated appearance of anthropologists is exhibited in the Termez Museum. After that, the cave Teshik-Tash became a popular place for tourists from all over the world.