Nature of the Republic of Turkmenistan is walnut and juniper forests, high mountains and ancient volcanoes, bottomland tugais, riparian forests, the sands of the Karakum and green oases. Also, thousands of rare plants, animals, insects, deep caves, nature reserves, lakes, waterfalls, hollows and gorges.
The climate of Turkmenistan is sharply continental. Within the day the temperature reaches the mid-point of + 30-32 ° C, while in winter can drop to -5 ° C.
In the Republic of Turkmenistan are such reserves, as Repetek, Kugitang, Krasnovodsk and Badkhyz. There present the resort areas, namely, Bayram-Ali, Firuza, Mollakara and Archman.
Balneological sanatorium called “Turkmenbashi” is located in the south-eastern part. People come here to cure various diseases of the heart and kidneys.
Mud balneotherapy sanatorium “Mollagara” is situated in the western part of the country, and the climatic spa resort “Archman” is in the foothills of the Kopet Dagh.
Resort “Mollagara” is a unique mud treatment sanatorium, located in the western part of Turkmenistan.
At present in the Republic of Turkmenistan, there is a lot of caves of different depths and belonging to different periods of time. Some of them are considered to be very ancient and deep.
For instance, Karlyuk caves (which are included in UNESCO World Heritage List) it is more than 60 caves, which are located on the territory of more than 50 kilometers. They represent the whole maze with halls and galleries.
A cave Kov-Ata lake has a hydrogen sulfide. The most ambitious a colony of bats for the entire territory of the country lives there.
On the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan, there is a considerable number of large and small lakes. For example, Sarakamysh lake is considered the biggest lake,an area is equal to 2,200 kilometers. Here it was created and Sarakamyshsky reserve.
The underground lake Kov-Ata occupies an area of 1050 square meters, its depth is equal 6 m, and the water temperature reaches +33 … + 37 ° C
Mollagara is a salt lake, which reaches a depth of up to 1.5 km. It also operates the famous mud-treatment resort.
Crater Lake Pink Porsygel has mud-volcanic origin, as it is located in the crater of a very ancient mud volcano. Its water has a pink hue.
On the territory of the Republic of Turkmenistan, there are a significant number of waterfalls. The most beautiful is considered Nokhur Great Falls. It flowing down from a height of 30 meters. Also, a lot of attention attract Kyrkgyz, Umbadere, Koshtemirskie waterfalls.A beautiful Kyrkdzhulby tract located in the Karakum desert. Archabilskoe valley sprawled along the banks of a mountain stream Firyuzinki and no less picturesque gorge Mergenishan, nearby lake Sarikamis.
Karakum is a sandy desert, which has an area of 350,000 sq.km. It starts from the Kopet Dag mountain range and reaches the Caspian Sea and the foothills of the Pamir.
Desert has numerous sand dunes composed of red sand. Here you will find oases and lakes, but under its sands are hidden massive amounts of groundwater. Also, it crosses the desert Karakum Canal.
The climate here is considered to be severe. In summer the temperature reaches 50 ° C, and the earth is heated to + 80 ° C. Winter frosts are down -30 ° C. Precipitation can be observed only in November and April.