National and Public Holidays in Kazakhstan
“If you see the spring then clean its source.”
In Kazakhstan, people are treated to the holidays with respect and reverence. Kazakhs love to enjoy life, and every holiday be it anniversary, wedding or formal event ,celebrating with the whole scale with cheerful music, concerts, local food, and a great crowd of people.
New Year. This is an international festival, which is widely celebrated in Kazakhstan. On the main square of the Republic of Kazakhstan placed fir-trees, and the streets are decorated with garlands and Christmas balls.
Restaurants are trying to come up with an interesting and exciting program, and theaters are New Year’s performances for children.
International Women’s Day. The holiday falls on wonderful time for the lovely ladies , at the very moment when the nature awake. The flowers bloom and the air is filled with the wonderful aroma.
By tradition, the Palace of Culture hosts concerts featuring the stars of the domestic variety, which is dedicated to women. And also, to this holiday try to invite the world of pop stars.
Nauryz is a very ancient holiday, which has been celebrated in Kazakhstan 5,000 years. This is a celebration of spring and the renewal of nature.
According to various historical records that have been found by scientists and archaeologists during excavations, it became known that Nauryz met not only in the works of ancient authors, but in medieval times.
From generation to generation the customs and traditions of the celebration of this momentous day. It is celebrates by Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Tatars, Uighurs and Tajiks.
The holiday is deeply rooted in ancient pagan rites and has a spiritual and moral sense.
According to ancient chronology, the holiday fell on March 22 – the day of the vernal equinox. On this basis, the Kazakhs decided to call the first month of spring in honor of the holiday.
According to ancient tradition, the feast day if a girl is born, she is often called Nauryzgul or Nowruz, if the boy was born, the Nauryzbek or Nauryzbaev.
On the eve of Nauryz, Kazakhstan residents bring their house in order, cleaning out debris, thereby introducing as if the house quarrels, insults and disease. On the tables, there are a large number of drinks with milk and water (to harvest in the new year was good), and everyone is trying do not argue in this day and be in a good mood.
Nauryz celebration always traditionally begins with the dawn of the meeting. “If you see the spring – to clear away its source.” All picking up a hoe and shovel gather in a certain place in the ditch. And all together begin to plant young trees and shrubs with the words: “Let it remain in the memory of the human tree, rather than flock” or “cut down a single tree – plant ten!”.
Once the ritual is complete, all residents avoided their streets and called those who did not come to start a ritual to celebrate the holiday early equinox. They dressed in festive attire and began festivals and performances and games.
Nauryz celebration always traditionally begins with the dawn of the meeting. “If you see the spring – to clear its source.” All picking up a hoe and shovel gather in a certain place in the ditch. And all together begin to plant young trees and shrubs with the words: “Let it remain in the memory of the human tree, rather than flock” or “cut down a single tree – plant ten!”.
Once the ritual is complete, all residents avoided their streets and called those who did not come to start a ritual to celebrate the holiday early equinox. They dressed in festive attire and began festivals, performances and games.
Very popular are the game “Aykysh-uykysh”, which translates as “Towards each other” The riders in this game have been the seat of the draw to itself other riders and not let go some time.
Also very popular was the struggle between man and woman, the condition of this struggle was that if the guy wins, he has the right to hand, and the girl’s heart that caused him to contest. And if she wins, the man is obliged to perform any of her desires.
Around noon, people cut the bull and prepared a dish called “Belle koterer”. Before and after noon, Mullah obligatorily read the prayer.
The day ended with performances, where poets competed in poetic songs.
Certainly, in nowadays a lot has changed and some of the traditions are gone, but still exist solemn representations, performances and concerts. And every house is decorated with rich dostarkhan.
Now, “Nauryz” – This is a common celebration of unity, labor, and the spring and continues to be the most important holiday of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Victory Day. This day is a holiday light memory of the fallen heroes. Holiday reverence, gratitude and pride.
During the war years, Kazakhstan has made a great contribution to the victory over Germany. The country hosted the evacuated enterprises and refugees.
On that day – all the people of the Republic of Kazakhstan congratulates its veterans. In the city, a large number of concerts, promotions and fairs. Presents awards, diplomas and prizes.
6 July 1994, it was decided to move the capital of Kazakhstan from Almaty to Astana. May 6, 1998 according to the Decree of the President of Kazakhstan’s capital was renamed Astana.
Day of the capital Astana is celebrated from this very ancient time.
On that day – all the people of the Republic of congratulating each other with the favorite holiday. Pass concerts, charity fairs, all kinds of action. The city is filled with laughter, the fragrance of flowers, gurgling fountains and colored balls.
Constitution Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan on 30 August. On this day, the fundamental law of the country was adopted. At the weekend, the streets are decorated with balloons and flags. In the capital, hold exhibitions, concerts with stars, shows and sporting events.
Independence Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the most important national holiday of the Republic. The entire republic celebrates bright and fun the anniversary of the state.
Pre Kazakhs prepare a festive program. Sports, performances by folk groups, variety shows, fairs and much more. The entertainment program involves 100 or dance and music bands, actors, stuntmen … And in the evening, you can watch the city fireworks.
Ramazan Hait is a holiday of moral and spiritual cleansing. The festival starts after the end the Muslim fasting Ruza. Fasting lasts 30 days and is a rite of moral and spiritual cleansing. Ramazan Hait always begins with a morning prayer-Hait (prayer), and after the prayers, all for three days go by relatives and friends and congratulate each other on the holiday.
These days Kazakhstan considered output. Kazakhs prepare national dishes, which are treated to all of their friends and neighbors.
Kurban Hait is one of the largest festivals in the Islamic world. He celebrated 70 years after the end of Ramadan Hait, as well as the previous holiday.
He also declared a day off, and residents of Kazakhstan are preparing for it in advance. Prepare pastry and traditional pilaf. In the days of the festival, people decide to visit the graves of relatives. Kurban Hait, as well as Ramazan Hait – lasts for three days. Everybody is trying to have time to visit their neighbors, relatives and friends.