History of Turkmenistan
The great state of Turkmenistan there is a very long time. Excavations that are carried out on the territory of the present republic indicates that this life was born in the era of the Stone Age.
During archaeological excavations have been found tools that show life in the early Paleolithic and Jeitun parking, which date back to the 6th millennium BC.
In the 2-3 millennium BC., the people that lived in what is now the Republic of Turkmenistan, engaged in hunting, agriculture, cattle breeding and processing of metals
In the year 500 BC State territory became part of the developed countries. For instance, namely, Parthia and Margilan.
In the 6th century BC, Turkmenistan was under the influence of the Persian Empire. The Persians were delighted by the fact that Turkmenistan was lying in the path of the Silk Road, and because of this they have developed trade and economy of its empire.
A little later, the ancient territory of Turkmenistan the beginning part of the Parthian kingdom. In 224 AD It was captured by the whole Sassanid dynasty of Iranian shahs.
By 716, the power passed to the Arab Caliphate. In the same period, Turkish tribes decided to convert to Islam.
In 1040 the Arab tribes ceded rule of Turks Oguz and the state began to rule the Seljuks. Eventually, nationalities mixed and thus appeared Turkmens.
In the 12-13 centuries, Turkmenistan became under the rule of Khorezm, then Genghis Khan and joined the mighty Mongol Empire.
In the 14th century, it was conquered by Amir Timur.
In 1804-1813 there was a Russian-Persian war, and many Turkmen tribes signed with Russian diplomats document, which included a friendly alliance directed against Persia.
After Turkmenistan and Russia were united, it became even faster to develop industry, oil production, animal husbandry, economics, engineering.
Since 1905 began a variety of uprising, revolutionary rallies and events. This happened before the time until Turkmenistan has become officially known as the Turkmen Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1918.
August 22, 1990, The Republic of Turkmenistan proclaimed its sovereignty.