The history of the Tajik people is intertwined with the history of the peoples of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. The ancestors of the Tajiks considered Massagets and Bactrians, Sakas and Sogdians.
The most ancient states of the slave system considered Sogdiana and Bactria. Sogdians and Bactrians were sedentary. They had a good trade was and they were perfect masters of arts and crafts.
Alexander the Great conquered these two states, but two centuries later, the local population was able to free themselves from the yoke of the conquerors, and they became part of the Kushan Empire.
The Great Silk Road passed through Tocharistan. In ancient cities of Tajikistan was active trading both silk and glassware.
In those times, Sogdiana and Bactria have long remained under the rule of Ephtalites. Some nomads settled and mingled with the local population.
In 4-7 centuries began the rise of culture and economy. In the mines, people dig for lapis lazuli, iron, silver, copper, gold and ruby. Cities grew and developed also irrigation canals were built.
In 7-8 centuries gradually the principality began to emerge, but they were weak and could not stand up to the Arabs. The Arabs tried to insist on their religion and introduced various high taxes.
On the part of the local population increasingly began to occur uprising and finally the Arabs became difficult to hold people. And at the end of the 9th century, the local population has turned to free themselves from the oppression of the Arab. Thus, the independent Tajik state of Samanids has appeared.
State Samanid existed for over a century. There was rapid growth in trade and crafts. There was a large increase in mining and agriculture.
This was the era of the Renaissance when such talents as Rudaki, Ferdowsi, Abu Ali Ibn Sina and many other talented philosophers, poets, healers, astronomers have made an invaluable contribution to the history of not only the state but also of the whole world.
In the 11th century, it formed a new state called Seljuks that regarded to nomadic Turkic tribes.
In the early 13th century the Mongols conquered Central Asia and by this way had begun a new uprising.
The arrival of Amir Timur temporarily stopped the uprising. Within his reign, the city prospered, were restored historic sites, as well as was developed science and art. There were own internal strife and attacks in the new empire, which was created by the great conqueror. These developments greatly shook an empire.
So Muhammad Sheibani Khan came to conquer Central Asia, but he was killed, and in the 17th century was formed a new Khiva Khanate. In the late 19th century, the amount of irrigated land among population increased and the kulaks began to grow, the land of landowners was leased by sharecroppers-chayrikeram.
The First World War is particularly exacerbated contradictions and separation in society. Since the end of the war, the Republic of Tajikistan’s economy began to rise up. The new factories began to appear in the country, at the same time with power stations. In autumn 1991, Tajikistan became an independent state.