The culture of the Republic of Turkmenistan, significantly different from the cultural practices and traditions of neighboring states.

Turkmens are nomadic tribes, and in its long history of existence, they have traveled a lot, and this is very much influenced their image and lifestyle.

The main cultural values of the people of Turkmenistan are the traditions and customs of Turkic peoples called Oguz.


National traditions Oguz could be reflected in the folklore, music, literature, painting, sculpture, as well as arts and crafts.

The most well-known work is considered to be the national epic of the Oghuz called “Oguz-name”. National epic was passed down orally from one generation to another and it was decided to burn only in the 16th century.

In the poem “Kitabi Dede Gorgud” reflected the life and lifestyle of pre-Islamic tribal nomadic people and the development of such religions as Islam early 11th and late 12th centuries.

All the greatest and most famous writers and poets of the Republic of Turkmenistan wrote in Chagatai language in the 18th century.


In the 19th century, Sufism began to go to the decline, and this is very much reflected in the art of literature. Works by poets and painters painting began to acquire political overtones.

Spoken language is Turkmen, developed on the basis of the Turkic languages, or to be more precise, on the basis of the Western Oguz dialects. At the expiration of the time for the Turkmen language had a great influence and old Uzbek with Kipchak languages.

Literary Turkmenistan was formed in the 20th century and into the 21st century, it was decided to transfer to the Latin script.